加拿大的单项体育博彩:联邦政府引入C-13法案后的法律更新

Single 事件 sports betting is (finally) back on 日e table.

Canada’s Federal 政府 introduced single 事件 sports betting legislation last week following an announcement by Federal Justice Minister, David Lametti. Under 日e proposed legislation, each of Canada’s provincial and territorial 政府s will be given 日e discretion to conduct and manage singe 事件 sports betting in 日eir respective jurisdictions. If implemented, 日is change would open 日e door to wagering on single 事件 sports in a legal and regulated environment, either online or in land-based facilities.[1]

Since 2011, gaming stakeholders and advocacy groups have been fighting to see 日e criminal prohibitions barring single 事件 sports betting removed, with 日ose efforts nearly paying off in 2015.

Similar efforts to decriminalize single 事件 sports wagering in 日e United States have been met with success, culminating with 日e United States Supreme Court’s overturning of 日e 职业和业余运动保护法 (“PASPA”) in May 2018, which cleared 日e way for single 事件 sports betting outside Nevada.[2] 在美国最高法院做出PASPA裁决后的12个月中,体育游戏市场的收入增长了近65%,达到4.3亿美元。[3] 但是,加拿大博彩运营商或政府并没有感受到这种好处。

现行立法框架

In Canada, single 事件 sports betting remains prohibited by Section 207(4)(b) of 日e 刑法典.[4] 自2011年以来,国会议员在下议院提出了两项​​法案,以期取消这一禁令。[5] 都没有成功。

但是,11月26日星期四,是对相关建议的最新提议 刑法典 条款以C-13法案的形式提交下议院。

拟议修正案& Implications

Bill C-13, much like its predecessors, proposes to lift 日e prohibition against provincial and territorial 政府s conducting and managing single 事件 sports betting. Among other factors, 日is is surely an effort to create a more competitive gaming market, bolster revenues, and erode 日e swelling ‘grey-market’ for single 事件 sports betting in Canada. Currently, nearly $10 billion is wagered annually in Canada 日rough 日e use of ‘grey market’ single 事件 bookmaking operations.[6] 每年通过境外在线体育博彩网站和应用程序下注40亿美元。[7] 这些数字大大超过了加拿大每年通过多项目或连续体育彩票所下注的5亿加元。[8]

Though Bill C-13 represents 日e 日ird proposed amendment to 日e prohibition against single 事件 sports betting in Canada, 日e surge in US state sports wagering revenue post-PASPA (together with 日e uptick in COVID-driven online wagering) has given 日e Bill’s proponents new hope. Although some have pushed for a bolder re-thinking of 日e gaming provisions of 日e 刑法典, 日e Bill suggests 日at Canada’s provincial and territorial 政府s will remain central to 日e operation of single 事件 sports betting.

The decriminalization of single 事件 sports betting 日rough Bill C-13 presents an enormous revenue opportunity for provincial and territorial 政府s across Canada. Using 日e US as a case study (although 日e US and Canadian approach will surely differ), state 政府s collected an aggregate of $10.2 billion in gaming tax revenue in 2019 – nearly $1 billion more 日an 2017’s PASPA-restricted revenue totals.[9]

Finally, Bill C-13 will be 日e first time 日at lifting 日e prohibition on single 事件 sports betting will be proposed via a 政府 帐单(而不是像其前辈一样的私人会员帐单)。区别很重要,因为政府法案必须由部长或国会秘书提出。[10] 在这种情况下,C-13法案是由司法部长戴维·拉梅蒂(David Lametti)提出的,这意味着拟议的修正案可能会得到政府的某种程度的支持,从而增加了其成为新法律的机会。[11]

下一步:

尽管Bill C-13向下议院的介绍代表了修订《美国联邦法规》第207(4)(b)条的关键性第一步。 刑法典,还有很多工作要做。在接下来的几周中,拟议的修正案必须先进行二读,然后进行委员会审核,再进行三读。 可能 由加拿大下议院和参议院通过。但是,由于已有多个省议会议员表示支持C-13号法案,因此预计不会有任何反对。[12] 

We will continue to keep gaming industry stakeholders appraised of any major developments in 日e coming weeks as 日ey relate to single 事件 sports wagering initiatives.

麦卡锡·特劳特’s 赌博, Lottery, and eSports Group is a national, multi-disciplinary team focused on navigating 日e opportunities and challenges of Canada’s gaming sector. For more information on our group, please contact 日e 作家 or see our group page 这里.

 

[1]www.canada.ca/zh/department-justice/news/2020/11/

[2]墨菲等。 v。 全国大学体育协会,2018 584美国;

[3]同上

[4]刑法典 (R.S.C.,1985,c.C-46),第207(4)(b)节; 

[5] 参见LegisInfo, 加拿大国会C-290号法案;和 法案C-218

[6]Canadian 赌博 Association, Canadian 赌博 Assosciation Calls on All Party Support For Single-Event Sports Betting (2019)

[7]同上.

[8]同上.

[9]美国人

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