加拿大政府发布《加拿大矿产和金属计划》

2019年3月3日,加拿大政府 已发布 the Canadian Minerals and 金属制品Plan (“ CMMP ”),希望它将代表“加拿大采矿史上的一个里程碑”。

The CMMP was authored jointly by 矿业 ministers across the 国家. The project involved discussions with a diverse group of stakeholders, including Indigenous 人 s, Non-Governmental Organizations, and the private sector. The CMMP ’s 网站 notes that ownership and responsibility for natural resource management rests primarily with the provinces and territories, and that the CMMP is not aimed at “supplanting” plans and strategies already in place in support of 矿业 industries across the 国家. Rather, the CMMP ’s overall aim is to create a framework for 地址ing systematic challenges and to take advantage of the opportunities afforded by cooperation.

The CMMP provides information 关于 the current state of Canada’s 矿业 industry, with a focus on outlining opportunities for growth and development. It will be followed by a series of “Action Plans” designed to operationalize the CMMP . The first of the Action Plans will be cooperatively developed by governments across the 国家, and is expected to be 已发布 in 2020. The first Action Plan is forecast to include “near-term actions supported by current data, rigorous research and analysis, and input from stakeholders and partners.”

除了代表远见声明,CMMP还包括采矿业成功原则的声明。最突出的是,它具有以下六个“战略方向”,每个方向都包含规定采取行动的领域的概述:

  • 经济发展与竞争力;
  • 促进土著人民的参与;
  • 环境;
  • 科技创新
  • 社区;和
  • 全球领导力。

经济发展: This Strategic Direction notes the recent decline in Canada’s share of worldwide 矿业 exploration budgets. To 地址 this, it gives a broad direction to individual jurisdictions across the 国家 to adjust their tax and other policies and adopt or revise regulations to create an investment environment that is more competitive and easier to navigate. The CMMP notes that working with Indigenous 人 s will be key to the success of Canada’s 矿业 industry: settling land claims as a part of reconciliation will have a positive effect on investment in the 矿业 industry. Further, this Strategic Direction touts the importance of free, publicly available geological, geophysical, geochemical, and other data and maps.

本土居民: CMMP 呼吁土著人民更多地参与采矿业。尊重原住民权利和条约权利是该战略方针的重中之重,该战略方针规定了正在考虑进行采矿项目的工业与土著社区之间的早期关系建立。目标是这些关系将为土著社区带来繁荣。 CMMP 建议减少土著妇女参与采矿项目的壁垒可以为社区带来好处,并有助于弥合熟练工人的劳动力缺口。

环境: 该战略方向认识到采矿作业所消耗的大量能源,无论是通过粉碎过程,先进的空气通风系统还是其他方式。 CMMP 指出,加拿大人期望采矿活动包括尽量减少对环境的影响的措施。达到这些期望将涉及通过创新技术手段减少浪费,并在可能的情况下切换至替代和可再生能源。

科学,技术与创新: 该战略方向提出了一些明智的方法,使采矿部门可以明智地考虑采用协作方式进行研发,而不必与商业竞争对手竞争,而是与其他商业部门竞争。 CMMP 给出了使用短波红外辐射(在农业和制药领域也正在利用的技术)来制备矿物样品的示例。 CMMP 注意到加拿大强大的研发体系,同时也承认学术研究与行业之间建立更好联系的机会和需求。

社区: This initiative will involve bolstering “mining literacy”: teaching Canadians 关于 how 矿业 benefits individuals and communities. This section of the CMMP also details the business case for more women working in the 矿业 sector, citing studies which show that increased participation of women has led to greater prosperity for businesses all over the world.

全球领导力: Finally, the CMMP focuses on its goal of a “sharpened competitive edge and increased global leadership for Canada.” This Strategic Direction recognizes that foreign investment in the industry is critical. It notes that there is a lack of consistent data and coordination across levels of government in Canada, and that this contributes to the perception that Canada is a complex investment environment. To 地址 this, the CMMP proposes a multi-pronged approach to winning additional foreign direct investment. This approach would highlight Canada's already excellent public geoscience, skilled workforce, and other advantages. Another prong of this approach would involve the creation of a unified branding strategy for the 矿业 industry in Canada.

CMMP 包含的内容比我们此处包含的要多得多,其中包括针对每个战略方向的成果而广泛规定的时间表目标。但是,如上所述,采矿业将不得不等待即将出台的行动计划,才能看到联邦政府计划如何实施CMMP的更多具体示例。

截至本文发布之日,除两个省和地区外,所有国家均已批准CMMP。安大略省和萨斯喀彻温省负责采矿的部长们不同意签署并就他们的关切发表联合声明 这里 .

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