租户是否必须在重组期间因COVID-19锁定令而无法使用房地的期间支付租金?

就这个问题 公司债权人安排法 (“中国注册会计师协会”),来自魁北克高级法院的北美零售商Groupe Dynamite法官Kalichman判决,在COVID-19政府法令导致债务人无法使用租赁房屋的情况下,债务人有义务交纳备案后的租金。基于小节 11.01(a) of the 中国注册会计师协会, the Court held that the debtors are under no obligation to pay such rent during any lockdown period during which they cannot use the leased premises. 

背景:炸药集团无法使用租用的房屋,这是COVID-19政府法令的结果

Groupe Dynamite, a Montreal-based fashion retailer operating over 300 stores across North America, including 86 in the United States, has obtained an initial order under the 中国注册会计师协会 to restructure its operations and present a compromise or arrangement to its creditors. Since the beginning of the proceedings, four of its stores are located in leased premises in shopping malls that are shuttered as a result of government decrees. Groupe Dynamite asked the Superior Court of 魁北克 to declare that it was not obliged to pay post-filing rent in respect of those stores.

诉讼中止及其关于租赁财产使用的例外

Kalichman法官必须解释诉讼中止的范围,以及该款中规定的例外之一 11.01(a) of the 中国注册会计师协会. The governing principle is that the 中国注册会计师协会 includes a broad range of claims to ensure fairness between creditors and finality in the insolvency proceeding for the debtor, as the Supreme Court of Canada expressed in 纽芬兰与拉布拉多诉AbitibiBowater Inc,2012 SCC 67。在破产程序中,将保留这些债权以促进债务人的重组和重组,并为所有债权人和其他利益相关者的利益保留债务人的资产。

Subsection 11.01(a) of the 中国注册会计师协会 provides for an exception to the broad stay of proceedings concerning claims for valuable consideration provided to the debtor after the initial order, known as “post-filing claims”. According  to the provision, no stay order has the effect of “prohibiting a person from requiring immediate payment for goods, services, use of leased or licensed property or other valuable consideration provided after the order is made”. This exception counterbalances the obligation of suppliers to continue to supply an insolvent business during its restructuring and is part of the diligent conduct expected of 中国注册会计师协会 debtors. According to the Court, subsection 11.01(a) of the 中国注册会计师协会 is however “to be narrowly interpreted” as it is an exception to a stay order.

Kalichman法官指出,租赁财产本身并不会引起后期申请。必须有“租赁的[…]财产的使用”,因为它以前是在 史密斯兄弟承包有限公司 (1998),第53BCBC(3d)264(SC),第19段。鉴于有争议的四个租赁场所全部位于购物中心,由于与COVID-19有关的政府法令而将其关闭,法院认定炸药集团不使用租赁资产。因此,法院宣布,在锁定期间内,这些租用房地没有应交或应交租金。

案例信息

再集团炸药公司 (2020年9月18日),魁北克省,蒙特利尔500-11-058763-208
 

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